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Philosophy Texts

Edited Philosophy Collections

Alisa Bokulich

Rudolf Carnap

Robert DiSalle

John Earman

Michael Friedman

William Harper

Immanuel Kant

Thomas Kuhn

Imré Lakatos

Robert Nozick

Richard von Mises

Ernst Mach

Gottfried Leibniz

Charles Sanders Peirce

Karl Popper

Marian Przełęcki

Hilary Putnam

Willard van Orman Quine

Frank Ramsey

Hans Reichenbach

Bertrand Russell

Lawrence Sklar

George Smith

Howard Stein

Patrick Suppes

Alfred Tarski

Roberto Torretti

Steve Martin

Edited Philosophy Collections

- J. Butterfield and J. Earman (eds.), Handbook of the Philosophy of Science: Philosophy of Physics, Parts A and B, Elsevier, 2007
- C. Callender and N. Huggett (eds.), Physics Meets Philosophy at the Planck Scale: Contemporary Theories in Quantum Gravity, Cambridge University Press, 2001
- D. Dieks and M, Redei (ed.), The Ontology of Spacetime, Elsevier, 2006
- J. Earman, C. Glymour, and J. Stachel (eds.), Foundations of Space-Time Theories (Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science, vol. viii), Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1977
- W. Harper, R. Stalnaker, and G. Pearce (eds.), Ifs: Conditionals, Belief, Decision, Chance, and Time, The University of Western Ontario Series in Philosophy of Science, vol. 15, 1981
- D. Lehmkuhl, G. Schiemann, and E. Scholz (eds.), Towards a Theory of Spacetime Theories, Springer, 2017
- M. Morgan and M. Morrison (eds.), Models as Mediators: Perspectives on Natural and Social Science, Cambridge University Press, 1999

Alisa Bokulich

Rudolf Carnap

- “Testability and Meaning” (Philosophy of Science 1936)
- “Empiricism, Semantics and Ontology” (Supplement A in his Meaning and Necessity, second ed.)
- “The Methodological Character of Theoretical Concepts” (in Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science, vol. 1, 1956)
- Philosophical Foundations of Physics: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science
- “Notes on Semantics”, Philosophia, 2(1972, April, 1):3–54 (lecture notes from Carnap’s seminar at UCLA in the late 1960s, collected and published posthumously)

Robert DiSalle

- Understanding Space-Time: The Philosophical Development of Physics from Newton to Einstein Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, 2006

John Earman

- Foundations of Space-Time Theories, Minnesota Studies in Philosophy of Science, Vol. viii, 1977 (ed. with C. Glymour and J. Stachel)
- A Primer on Determinism
- World Enough and Space-Time: Absolute versus Relational Theories of Space and Time
- “The Penrose-Hawking Singularity Theorems: History and Implications”, in The Expanding Worlds of General Relativity, eds. H. Goenner, J. Renn, J. Ritter, T. Sauer, Einstein Studies vol. 7, 1999

Michael Friedman

- Foundations of Space-Time Theories: Relativistic Physics and Philosophy of Science, Princeton University Press, 1983
- The Dynamics of Reason, CSLI Publications, 2001

William Harper

- “Kant on the A Priori and Material Necessity” (in Kant’s Philosophy of Physical Science, ed. R. Butts, 1986)
- “Kant on Space, Empirical Realism and the Foundations of Geometry” (in Kant’s Philosophy of Mathematics, ed. C. Posy, 1992)
- “Kant, Riemann and Reichenbach on Space and Geometry” (in Proceedings of the Eighth International Kant Congress, ed. H. Robinson, 1995)

Immanuel Kant

- Critique of Pure Reason (Translated and edited by N. Kemp Smith)
- Critique of Pure Reason (Translated and edited by P. Guyer and A. Wood, part of the The Cambridge Edition of the Works of Immanuel Kant)
- Prolegemona to Any Future Metaphysics That Will Be Able to Come Forward as Science (Translated by G. Hatfield, part of the The Cambridge Edition of the Works of Immanuel Kant)
- Theoretical Philosophy after 1781 (Edited by H. Allen and P. Heath, translated by G. Hatfield, M. Friedman, H. Allen and P. Heath, part of the The Cambridge Edition of the Works of Immanuel Kant)

Thomas Kuhn

- The Function of Dogma in Scientific Research, in A. Crombie (Ed.), Scientific Change, London: Basic Books, pp. 347–369. Proceedings of the Symposium on the History of Science, University of Oxford, 9–15 July 1961.

Imré Lakatos

- The Methodology of Scientific Research Programmes: Philosophical Papers, Vol. 1, eds. J. Worrall and G. Currie, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1978.

Robert Nozick

- Invariances: The Structure of the Objective World, Harvard University Press, 2001

Richard von Mises

- Probability, Statistics and Truth, Revised English edition, prepared by H. Geiringer. A republication of the 1957 edition of George Allen & Unwin Ltd., based on the third German edition of 1951.

Ernst Mach

- Space and Geometry in the Light of Physiological, Psychological and Physical Inquiry, trans. T. McCormack, Open Court Publishing Co., 1943

Gottfried Leibniz

Charles Sanders Peirce

- “The Doctrine of Necessity Examined”
- Reasoning and the Logic of Things (1 page excerpt from the chapter “Causation and Force”)

Karl Popper

- The Logic of Scientific Discovery, London: Routledge Classics, 2002.

Marian Przełęcki

- The Logic of Empirical Theories, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1969.

Hilary Putnam

- “Realism and Reason”, presidential address delivered before the Seventy-Third Annual Eastern Meeting of the American Philosophical Association, Boston, MA, Dec 29, 1976
- Mathematics, Matter and Method: Philosophical Papers, Volume 1, Cambridge University Press, 1975
- Mind, Language and Reality: Philosophical Papers, Volume 2, Cambridge University Press, 1975

Willard van Orman Quine

- From a Logical Point of View: 9 Logic-Philosophical Essays, Harper and Row, 1963
- The Ways of Paradox and Other Essays, Random House, 1966

Frank Ramsey

- The Foundations of Mathematics and Other Logical Essays, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, Ltd., 1931

Hans Reichenbach

- The Theory of Relativity and A Priori Knowledge, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1965, trans. M. Reichenbach. (out of print)
- The Philosophy of Space & Time, New York: Dover Publications, 1958, trans. M. Reichenbach and J. Freund
- The Direction of Time, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1956, ed. and trans. M. Reichenbach

Bertrand Russell

Lawrence Sklar

- Space, Time and Spacetime
- Physics and Chance: Philosophical Issues in the Foundations of Statistical Mechanics, Cambridge university Press, 1993

George Smith

- “Closing the Loop“, in Newton and Empiricism, eds. Z. Biener and E. Schliesser, Oxford University Press, 2014, ch. 10, pp. 262–351

Howard Stein

- Curriculum Vitae (including a complete bibliography of Stein’s work, published and unpublished)
- “On Metaphysics and Method in Newton” (unpublished manuscript)
- “Nevvtonus ab quibusdam nævibus vindicatus” (unpublished manuscript)
- “Further Considerations on Newton’s Method” (unpublished manuscript)
- “Newton: Philosophy of Inquiry and Metaphysics of Nature” (unpublished manuscript)
- “How Does Physics Bear upon Metaphysics; and Why Did Plato Hold That Philosophy Cannot Be Written Down?” (unpublished manuscript, first typeset with minor corrections by Erik Curiel and Tom Pashby in March 2019, now incorporating Stein’s handwritten corrections and additions from May 2020; the March 2019 version can be found here; a scan of the original typed manuscript, given to Curiel by Stein in 1996, can be found here)
- “Physics and Philosophy Meet: the Strange Case of Poincaré” (unpublished manuscript)
- “Newtonian Space-Time”, Texas Quarterly 10(1967):174–200.
- “On the Notion of Field in Newton, Maxwell, and Beyond” in R. Stuewer (ed.), Historical and Philosophical Perspective of Science (Minneapolis, University of Minnesota Press, 1970), pp. 264–287. Includes comments by G. Buchdahl and M. Hesse, and replies by Stein.
- “On the Conceptual Structure of Quantum Mechanics”, in Paradigms and Paradoxes: The Philosophical Challenge of the Quantum Domain, ed. Robert Colodny (University of Pittsburgh Series in the Philosophy of Science, vol. V; Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1972), pp. 367–438.
- “Some Philosophical Prehistory of General Relativity”, in J. Earman, C. Glymour, and J. Stachel (eds.), Foundations of Space-Time Theories (Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science, vol. viii), Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1977, 3–49.
- “‘Subtler Forms of Matter’ in the Period Following Maxwell”, in G. Cantor and M. Hodge (eds.), Conceptions of Ether: Studies in the History of Ether Theories, 1740–1900, Cambridge University Press, 1981
- “On the Present State of the Philosophy of Quantum Mechanics”, PSA 1982, vol. 2, pp. 563–581
- “After the Baltimore Lectures: Some Philosophical Remarks on the Subsequent Development of Physics”, in Kelvin’s Baltimore Lectures and Modern Theoretical Physics, ed. Robert Kargon and Peter Achinstein (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1987), pp. 375–398
- “Yes, but …: Some Skeptical Remarks on Realism and Anti-realism”, Dialectica, 1989, 43:47–65
- “On Locke, ‘the Great Huygenius, and the Incomparable Mr. Newton’”, Philosophical Perspectives on Newtonian Science, eds. P. Bricker and R. Hughes, MIT Press, Cambridge MA, 1990.
- “‘From the Phenomena of Motions to the Forces of Nature’: Hypothesis or Deduction?”, Proceedings of the Biennial PSA Conference, 1990, vol. 2, 209–222
- “Introductory Note to the Paper of Kurt Gödel, ‘A Remark about the Relationship between Relativity Theory and Idealistic Philosophy’”, in Kurt Gödel, Collected Works, Vol. ii, Publications 1938–1974, eds. S. Feferman, et al.
- “Introductory Note to the Paper of Kurt Gödel, ‘Some Observations about the Relationship between Theory of Relativity and Kantian Philosophy’”, in Kurt Gödel, Collected Works, Vol. iii, Unpublished Essays and Lectures, eds. S. Feferman, et al.
- “Eudoxos and Dedekind: on the Ancient Greek Theory of Ratios and Its Relation to Modern Mathematics”, Synthese, 1990, 84:163–211.
- “On Relativity Theory and Openness of the Future”, Philosophy of Science, 1991, 58:147–167.
- “Was Carnap Entirely Wrong, After All?”, Synthese, 1992, 93:275–295.
- “On Philosophy and Natural Philosophy in the Seventeenth Century”, Midwest Studies in Philosophy 18 (1993), 177–201.
- “Some Reflections on the Structure of Our Knowledge in Physics”, in eds. Prawitz, D. and B. Skyrms and D. Westerståhl, Logic, Metholodogy and Philosophy of Science, New York: Elsevier Science B.V., 1994, 633–655. Proceedings of the Ninth International Congress of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science
- “The Enterprise of Understanding and the Enterprise of Knowledge”, Synthese, 2004, 140:135–176
- “ ‘Definability,’ ‘Conventionality,’ and Simultaneity in Einstein-Minkowski Space-Time”, in W. Myrvold and J. Christian (eds.), Quantum Reality, Relativistic Causality, and Closing the Circle: Essays in Honor of Abner Shimony, Springer, 2009
- Abner Shimony, “The Character of Howard Stein’s Work in Philosophy and History of Physics”, Introduction to the Festschrift for Stein Reading Natural Philosophy: Essays in the History and Philosophy of Science and Mathematics, ed. D. Malament
- Notes of Stein's Lectures on Maxwell's Theory of Electromagentism and Its Development, May, 1994, from his seminar “The Conceptual Development of Physics”, given at the University of Chiago (notes taken by E. Curiel)

Patrick Suppes

- Studies in the Methodology and Foundations of Science: Selected Papers from 1951 to 1969 (Springer, 1969)
- Models and Methods in the Philosophy of Science: Selected Essays (Springer, 1993)
- Representation and Invariance of Scientific Structures (CSLI Publications: Stanford, 2002)

Alfred Tarski

- Logic, Semantics, Metamathematics: Papers from 1923 to 1938 (Clarendon Press, 1956)

Roberto Torretti

- Relativity and Geometry (Pergamon Press, 1983)
- Philosophy of Geometry from Riemann to Poincaré (D. Reidel, 1984)

Steve Martin

- “Philosophy, Religion and College” (from his album A Wild and Crazy Guy)

Physics Texts

Edited Physics Collections

James Anderson

John Beem, Paul Ehrlich, and Kevin Easley

Hermann Bondi

Élie Cartan

Brandon Carter

Paul and Tatiana Ehrenfest

Albert Einstein

Arthur Eddington

George Ellis

Enrico Fermi

Richard Feynman

Josiah Willard Gibbs

Robert Geroch

Steven Hawking and George Ellis

Hermann Helmholtz

Heinrich Hertz

Christiaan Huygens

Edwin T. Jaynes

Lord Kelvin

David Malament

James Clerk Maxwell

Charles Misner, Kip Thorne and John Wheeler

Isaac Newton

Isaac Newton, Secondary Literature

Oliver Penrose

Roger Penrose

Roger Penrose and Wolfgang Rindler

Max Planck

Jules Henri Poincaré

Eric Poisson

Ilya Prigogine

Erwin Schrödinger

H. Stephani, D. Kramer, M. MacCallum, C. Hoenselaers and E. Herlt

A. Sommerfeld

J. L. Synge

Clifford Truesdell

Robert Wald

H. Weyl

Edited Physics Collections

- A. Ashtekar and V. Petkov (eds.), 2014, Springer Handbook of Spacetime, Springer, Berlin
- L. Blanchet, A. Spallici, B. Whiting (eds.), 2011, Mass and Motion in General Relativity, Springer, Berlin, Fundamental Theories of Physics vol. 162
- M. Carmeli, S. Fickler and L. Witten (eds.), 1970, Relativity, Proceedings of the Relativity Conference in the Midwest, held at Cincinnati, Ohio, June 2–6, 1969; Plenum Press, NY
- S. Deser and K. Ford (eds.), 1965, Lectures on General Relativity: Brandeis Summer Institute in Theoretical Physics, 1964, Volume 1, lectures by Bondi (“Some Special Solutions of the Einstein Equations”), Pirani (“Introduction to Gravitational Radiation Theory”), and Trautman (“Foundations and Current Problems of General Relativity”)
- B. DeWitt and C. DeWitt (eds.), 1964, Relativity, Groups and Topology, lectures delivered at Les Houches, 1963 Session of the Summer School of Theoretical Physics, University of Grenoble; Gordon and Breach Science Publishers, New York
- C. DeWitt and B. DeWitt (eds.), 1973, Black Holes lectures delivered at Les Houches, 1972 Cours de l–École d–été de Physique théorique; Gordon and Breach Science Publishers, New York
- C. DeWitt and J. Wheeler (eds.), 1968, Battelle Rencontres, 1967 lectures in mathematics and physics, W. A. Benjamin, Inc., New York
- J. Ehlers (ed.), 1967, Relativity Theory and Astrophysics: 1. Relativity and Cosmology, Proceedings of the Summer School, Ithaca, NY, 1965, American Mathematical Society, Providence, RI, Lectures in Applied Mathematics vol. 8
- J. Ehlers (ed.), 1979, Isolated Gravitating Systems in General Relativity, Italian Physical Society, Proceedings of the International School of Physics 《Enrico Fermi》 Course lxvii, Varenna, 28 Jun–10 Jul 1976; North-Holland Publishing Co., Amsterdam
- F. Esposito and L. Witten (eds.), 1977, Asymptotic Structure of Space-Time, Proceedings of a Symposium on Asymptotic Structure of Space-Time, held at the University of Cincinnati, Ohio, June 14–18,1976; Plenum Press, NY
- D. Faccio, F. Belgiorno, S, Cacciatori, V. Gorini, S. Liberati and U. Moschella (eds.), 2013, Analogue Gravity Phenomenology: Analogue Spacetimes and Horizons, from Theory to Experiment, Springer, Berlin, Lecture Notes in Physics vol. 870
- G. Gibbons, E. Shellard and S. Rankin (eds.), 2003, The Future of Theoretical Physics and Cosmology, Celebrating Stephen Hawking’s 60th birthday, Cambridge University Press
- J. J. Halliwell, J. Peérez-Mercarder and W. H. Zurek (eds.), 1994, Physical Origins of Time Asymmetry, Cambridge University Press
- A. Held (ed.), 1980, General Relativity and Gravitation: One Hundred Years after the Birth of Albert Einstein, Volume 1, a publication of the International Society on General Relativity and Gravitation, Plenum Press, NY
- A. Held (ed.), 1980, General Relativity and Gravitation: One Hundred Years after the Birth of Albert Einstein, Volume 2, a publication of the International Society on General Relativity and Gravitation, Plenum Press, NY
- S. Hawking and W. Israel (eds.), 1979, General Relativity: An Einstein Centenary Survey, Cambridge University Press
- S. Hawking and W. Israel (eds.), 1987, 300 Years of Gravitation, Cambridge University Press
- B. Hoffmann (ed.), 1966, Perspectives in Geometry and Relativity, Essays in honor of Václav Hlavatŷ, Indiana University Press, Bloomington, IN
- J. Isenberg (ed.), 1988, Mathematics and General Relativity, Proceedings of the AMS-IMS-SIAM Joint Summer Research Conference held June 22–28, 1986; Contemporary Mathematics vol. 71, American Mathematical Society, Providence, RI
- W. Israel (ed.), 1973, Relativity, Astrophysics and Cosmology, Proceedings of the Summer School, 14–26 Aug 1972, Banff, Alberta; D. Reidel Publishing Co., Dordrecht
- M. Lichnerowicz and M. Tonnelat (eds.), Les Théories Relativistes de la Gravitation, proceedings of a conference held at Royaumont in June, 1959, published in 1962
- R. Sachs (ed.), 1971, General Relativity and Cosmology, Italian Physical Society, Proceedings of the International School of Physics 《Enrico Fermi》 Course xlvii, Varenna, 30 Jun–12 Jul 1969; Academic Press, NY
- R. Wald (ed.), 1998, Black Holes and Relativistic Stars, Proceedings of a Symposium held in memoriam Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, 14–15 Dec 1996 at the University of Chicago; University of Chicago Press
- L. Witten (ed.), 1962, Gravitation: An Introduction to Current Research, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., NY

James Anderson

John Beem, Paul Ehrlich, and Kevin Easley

- Global Lorentzian Geometry (2nd edition), Marcel Dekker, Inc., 1996

Hermann Bondi

- Fact and Inference in Theory and in Observation, in Vistas in Astronomy, 1955, volume 1

Élie Cartan

- On Manifolds with an Affine Connection and the Theory of General Relativity, trans. A. Magnon and A. Ashtekar, foreward by A. Trautman

Brandon Carter

Paul and Tatiana Ehrenfest

Albert Einstein

- “Geometry and Experience”, in his Sidelights on Relativity (no copyright)
- Ideas and Opinions

Arthur Eddington

- The Mathematical Theory of Relativity
- Space, Time and Gravitation: An Outline of the General Theory of Relativity, Cambridge University Press, 1920

George Ellis

- Relativistic Cosmology, with R. Maartens and M. MacCallum, Cambridge University Press, 2012

Enrico Fermi

Richard Feynman

- Lectures on Physics, 1.12, “Characteristics of Force”
- Lectures on Physics, 1.52, “Symmetry in Physical Laws”
- The Character of Physical Law, MIT Press, 2001
- Feynman Lectures on Gravitation, Addison-Wesley, 1995

Josiah Willard Gibbs

- Elementary Principles of Statistical Mechanics, Developed with Especial Reference to the Rational Foundation of Thermodynamics
- The Scientific Papers of J. Willard Gibbs, h.d., ll.d., Volume i, Longmans, Green, and Co.:London, 1906
- The Scientific Papers of J. Willard Gibbs, h.d., ll.d., Volume ii, Longmans, Green, and Co.:London, 1906

Robert Geroch

- Geroch’s own page with his course lectures and notes
- General Relativity from A to B, University of Chicago Press, 1978
- Mathematical Physics, University of Chicago Press, 1985
- “Energy Extraction”, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1973, 224:108–117
- “Gauge, Diffeomorphisms, Initial-Value Formulation, Etc.”, in P. Chrusciel and H. Friedrich (eds.), The Einstein Equations and the Large Scale Behavior of Gravitational Fields: 50 Years of the Cauchy Problem in General Relativity, Birkhauser Verlag:Basel, 2004, pp. 441–477
- “On the Role of Math in Physics” (from chapter 1 of his book Mathematical Physics)
- “Mathematical Assertions” (unpublished remarks)
- “Computation—Quantum and Otherwise” (unpublished lecture notes)
- “Geometrical Quantum Mechanics” (unpublished lecture notes)
- “Infinite-Dimensional Manifolds” (unpublished notes)
- “Definitions for Manifolds, Measures and Hilbert Spaces” (unpublished notes)
- “Measure Theory” (unpublished notes)
- “Path Integrals” (unpublished notes)
- “Special Topics in Particle Physics (Notes on Quantum Field Theory)” (unpublished lecture notes)
- “A Watched Pot Never Boils?” (unpublished paper on observation in quantum mechanics)

Steven Hawking and George Ellis

Hermann Helmholtz

- “Preface” to Principles of Mechanics by H. Hertz (translated by D. Jones and T. Walley, no copyright)

Heinrich Hertz

- “Author’s Preface” and “Introduction” to his Principles of Mechanics (translated by D. Jones and T. Walley, no copyright)

Christiaan Huygens

- Treatise on Light, trans. S. P. Thompson, originally published by University of Chicago Press, re-distributed by Project Guternberg Online
- On Centrifugal Force, trans. M. S. Mahoney (from original URL: https://www.princeton.edu/~hos/mike/texts/huygens/centriforce/huyforce.htm
- The Pendulum Clock, Part 4: On the Center of Oscillation, trans. M. S. Mahoney (from original URL: http://www.princeton.edu/~hos/mike/texts/huygens/centosc/huyosc.htm
- On the Motion of Bodies Resulting from Impact, trans. M. S. Mahoney (from original URL: http://www.princeton.edu/~hos/Mahoney/texts/huygens/impact/huyimpct.html

Edwin T. Jaynes

- “Information Theory and Statistical Mechanics”, Brandeis University Summer Institute Lectures in Theoretical Physics 1962
- “Foundations of Probability Theory and Statistical Mechanics”, Delaware Seminar in the Foundations of Physics 1967
- E. T. Jaynes: Papers on Probability, Statistics, and Statistical Physics, ed. R. Rosenkrantz, Kluwer, 1989

Lord Kelvin

- Kelvin’s Baltimore Lectures and Modern Theoretical Physics: Historical and Philosophical Perspectives, including essays by others, eds. R. Kargon and P. Achinstein, MIT Press, 1987

David Malament

- Topics in the Foundations of General Relativity and Newtonian Gravitation Theory (uncorrected proofs for the book published in 2012 by University of Chicago Press) malament-lects-geom-st.pdf
- “Lecture Notes on Geometry and Spacetime” (lecture notes for a graduate course taught by Malament)

James Clerk Maxwell

- Matter and Motion, No copyright.
- “The Clerk Maxwell Collection” (listing of Maxwell’s personal library, donated to the Rayleigh Library at the Cavendish Laboraties)
- “Poems” (poems by Maxwell)
- “The Published Scientific Papers and Books of James Clerk Maxwell (1831–1879)” (a bibliography)
- The Scientific Papers of James Clerk Maxwell, Volume 1, a reprint of the original Cambridge University Press edition of 1890.
- The Scientific Papers of James Clerk Maxwell, Volume 2, a reprint of the original Cambridge University Press edition of 1890.
- Theory of Heat, London: Longmans, Green & Co., 1904. With corrections by Lord Rayleigh. No copyright.

Charles Misner, Kip Thorne and John Wheeler

Isaac Newton

- The Newton Project, http://www.newtonproject.ox.ac.uk/, working towards online edition of all Newton's writings, published and unpublished
- Cambridge Library's collection of images of Newton's original documents, http://cudl.lib.cam.ac.uk/collections/newton/1
- “De Gravitatione et Æquipondio Fluidorum” (selected passages; translation and interpolated commentary by Howard Stein)
- “Author’s Preface to the First Edition”, from his Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica, the translation by A. Motte of the third edition (1726), originally produced in 1729.
- “Rules of Reasoning in Philosophy”, from his Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica, the translation by A. Motte of the third edition (1726), originally produced in 1729.
- Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica, Volume 1 (Books 1 and 2), the translation by A. Motte of the third edition (1726), originally produced in 1729, revised by F. Cajori in 1934.
- Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica, Volume 2 (Book 3, “The System of the World”), the translation by A. Motte of the third edition (1726), originally produced in 1729, revised by F. Cajori in 1934.
- Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica, translated by I. Cohen and A. Whitman (Author’s Preface; Definitions and Scholium; Axioms, or the Laws of Motion and Scholium; Rules for the Study of Natural Philosophy; General Scholium)
- Opticks: Or, A Treatise of the Reflections, Refractions, Inflections and Colours of Light, 1952 Dover reprint of the 1931 volume of G.~Bell and Sons, Ltd., based on the fourth edition of William Innys, London, 1730; Foreward by Einstein, Introduction by E. Whittaker, Preface by I. B. Cohen
- Isaac Newton’s Papers & Letters on Natural Philosophy and Related Documents, edited and with a general introduction by I. B. Cohen, Harvard University Press, 1958.

Isaac Newton, Secondary Literature

- See also the listings for William Harper, Robert DiSalle, George Smith, and Howard Stein.
- I. Cohen and G. Smith (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Newton, Cambridge University Press, 2004
- E. Curiel, A Glossary for Newton’s Investigations on Light and Color, a short glossary for the more obscure, archaic and technical terms Newton and his contemporaries use, to help the contemporary reader
- A. Janiak, Newton As Philosopher, Cambridge University Press, 2008
- A. Janiak and E. Schliesser (eds.), Interpreting Newton: Critical Essays, Cambridge University Press, 2013

Oliver Penrose

- Foundations of Statistical Mechanics: A Deductive Treatment, Dover Publications reprint

Roger Penrose

Roger Penrose and Wolfgang Rindler

Max Planck

- Eight Lectures on Theoretical Physics, Delivered at Columbia University in 1909, Columbia University Press, 1915
- Where Is Science Going?, with a prologue by Einstein (Norton & Co., 1932)

Jules Henri Poincaré

- Science and Hypothesis (beautiful PDF produced by The Gutenberg Project from the 1905 edition from Walter Scott Publishing Co., Ltd.; no copyright)
- The Foundations of Science: Science and Hypothesis; The Value of Science; Science and Methods (The Gutenberg Project, no copyright)

Eric Poisson

- A Relativist’s Toolkit: The Mathematics of Black-Hole Mechanics, Cambridge University Press, 2004

Ilya Prigogine

- Introduction to the Thermodynamics of Irreversible Processes, 3rd edition, Interscience, 1967

Erwin Schrödinger

- “The Present Situation in Quantum Mechanics” (a translation, by John Trimmer, of Schrödinger’s “Cat Paradox” paper)
- Space-Time Structure
- Statistical Thermodynamics
- What Is Life? With Mind and Matter and Autobiographical Sketches

H. Stephani, D. Kramer, M. MacCallum, C. Hoenselaers and E. Herlt

- Exact Solutions of Einstein's Field Equations, Second edition

A. Sommerfeld

- Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics, Lectures on Theoretical Physics, Vol. 5

J. L. Synge

Clifford Truesdell

- The Tragicomical History of Thermodynamics: 1822–1854, Springer-Verlag, 1980

Robert Wald

- General Relativity, University of Chicago Press, 1984
- Quantum Field Theory in Curved Spacetime and Black Hole Thermodynamics, University of Chicago Press, 1994

H. Weyl

- Space-Time-Matter
- The Classical Groups: Their Invariants and Representations, Princeton University Press, 1946 (Second edition)
- Philosophy of Mathematics and Natural Science, revised and augmented English version based on the trans. by O. Helmer, Princeton University Press, 1949
- Mind and Nature: Selected Writings on Philosophy, Mathematics, and Physics, trans. and ed. P. Pesic, Princeton University Press, 2009
- Levels of Infinity: Selected Writings on Mathematics and Philosophy, trans. and ed. P. Pesic, Dover Publications, Inc., 2012

Math Texts

Andrew Gleason

Hermann Helmholtz

John Kelley

Donald Knuth

Bernhard Riemann

Andrew Gleason

- Fundamentals of Abstract Analysis, Addison-Wesley, 1966

Hermann Helmholtz

- “On the Origin and Significance of the Geometrical Axioms” (Translated by Howard Stein, from Populäre Wissenshaftliche Vorträge von H. Helmholtz, Braunschweig, 1876, Heft 3, pp. 23–51.)

John Kelley

Donald Knuth

- Mathematical Writing, with Tracy L. Larrabee, and Paul M. Roberts. Information about it can be found at https://www-cs-faculty.stanford.edu/~knuth/klr.html.
- “The Potrzebi System of Units and Measurements”

Bernhard Riemann

- “On the Hypotheses, Which Lie at the Basis of Geometry” (A translated of “Über die Hypothesen, welche der Geometrie zu Grunde liegen” by Howard Stein. I devised a short glossary for the more obscure, archaic and technical terms Riemann uses in this paper, to help the reader.)

© Erik Curiel 2018 ☠